Green cards are also known as permanent residence cards. The green card holders enjoy most benefits of a U.S citizen. This article will provide you an understanding of green cards and benefits of permanent residence cards.

What is a green card?
Having a Green Card (officially known as a Permanent Resident Card) allows you to live and work permanently in the United States. That is a proof of the permanent resident status. A green card includes following information: full name, date of birth, sex, place of birth, date of expiration, ID number. This ID number is used in the naturalization application.

Types of green card

Conditional Green Card (2 years)

After the approval of EB-5 immigration visas, investors and their family members will be granted conditional green cards for two years.
After two years, if the cardholder does not meet USCIS’s requirements, it is impossible to change from a conditional green card to a permanent green card, and then the permanent resident status is also removed. However, if the investor meet such requirements, apply for a permanent green card.

Permanent Green Card (10 years)

In order to have a permanent green card, a permanent resident with his/her spouse must file Form I-751. Immigration investors must file Form I-829. Both forms must be submitted within 90 days before the conditional green cards are expired.

In case the cardholder does not pass the Naturalization Test due to any reasons, the permanent green card must be renewed before the date of expiration and the cardholder must ensure not to be out of the US more than 6 months /year. At this time, the cardholder will need to file Form I-90 to renew his/her green card.

Benefits of a permanent residence card

People holding conditional residence card have same rights and responsibilities as one with permanent residence cards:

  • Live and work anywhere in the U.S permanently.
  • Legally own real estate in the U.S.
  • Children are enrolled in public schools with free-of-charges from kindergarten to 12th grade.
  • Permission to apply for driving license in the state or in the area where you live.
  • Join U.S Armed Forces.
  • Enjoy U.S social security policies: education, health care, etc. if you meet requirements.
  • Apply for U.S naturalization after 5 years of permanent resident.
  • Sponsor spouse and unmarried minor children under 21 to obtain permanent status.
  • Ability to leave/enter the U.S with some certain conditions.

Green card holders enjoy many benefits from the U.S government. Their final goal, however, is to become a U.S citizen – the no.1 country in the world.

(Source: USCIS)

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